Islamic Philosophy

Islamic Philosophy is the general term for the philosophical thought in the Ancient Greek style put forward by Muslim philosophers in the classical period of Islamic thought. In terms of being a philosophical thought, Islamic Philosophy is no different from other philosophical traditions. The term "philosophy" in the expression "Islamic Philosophy" refers to what philosophy refers to when we say Greek philosophy, Hindu philosophy, Modern Age philosophy; it is not different in terms of subject and method. The traditional philosophical thought called "Islamic philosophy" in Islamic culture is undoubtedly the richest and most extensive part of the Islamic cultural heritage. Without knowing the main lines and characteristics of this philosophical thought, it is very difficult to make an evaluation of Islamic culture in general. Without knowing this philosophical thought, it is not possible to fully understand some theological, philosophical and fiqh issues that are closely related to it and their structure.

In its historical and doctrinal development, slamic Philosophy, is a unique philosophy with its Islamic character, which poses brand new issues and offers new solutions to the issues of Ancient Greek philosophy with these issues. Especially when it is considered as a whole, including Sufi and theological thought. The fact that it is an eclectic philosophy does not prevent it from being original; in fact, a careful research reveals that there is no philosophy or human thought that is not eclectic. Especially al-Kindī, al-Fārabi, Avicenna, Suhrawardī and Averroes are considered to be the representatives of an significant position as thinkers who have produced great works in this field.