in the southeastern Anatolia region in Diyarbakır; Castle, ickale, urban history representing all phases of the development of several monumental structures and traditional housing, which has dominated the great civilizations of the documentary left of the texture and the values here that reflect cultural identity today; not only in Turkey, but it is considered one of the most important cities in the whole world. Asia - Europe bridge between the administration of the Qur'an through the ages of the great civilizations, Diyarbakır and cultural relations in a creative environment, who keep the environment in human history, many “firsts” witnessed; the Çayönü excavations recent and similar examples show that continuity could move with all the vigor until the present day. With an installed depth of historical archaeological research on the earth who remain beyond the face reflecting the light Diyarbakır; the principles of settlement in terms of the surrounding civilizations that gives you the chance of life to the most magnificent city was able to establish a special relationship with the Tigris River. The Nile - as in the example of Egypt, “the water from this great culture,” through the ages has demonstrated its power in a manner that is uninterrupted and, in a sense, the Roman Empire's eastern border, by setting the identity of the sovereign has reached a level that emphasizes. Many religion, society, government, or administration, or reflect on the work you want to prove yourself your power and Diyarbakir, a large part of today'to still be standing, in terms of history of civilization and cultural diversity is a great chance. Throughout history, Amida, Amid, Kara-amid, Land-Bakr, diyarbekir, Diyarbakır, the names of the city, in the middle section of the southeastern Anatolia region, Al Jazeera called Mesopotamia,'s located in the northern part. Palaeolithic and Mesolithic periods in both Diyarbakır and the surrounding archeological research has agreed with that lived in caves. Duck-Hassuni, near Silvan, Ergani hilar caves near the Tigris River and its tributaries dating from this era on the remains have been identified.
Anadolu's oldest settlements in the farming village of çayönü tepesi, which is one of the best example of giving the village communities near Ergani, dating from 10,000 years ago to present not only the history of the region sheds light on the history of civilizations of our world. BC 7.500-5.000 years of civilization which have been inhabited continuously then at intervals between the first foundations were laid for today's urban Çayönü, built from the wanderings of the people of the village life, switching from hunting and gathering to food production "Neolithic revolution " is known as technological lifestyle, nutrition, the economy, natural environment and human relations with all of the inventions that has changed the cultural history that includes many firsts in a settlement related to it is lively and interesting.
Wild wheat, lentils and plants such as roses to be taken to agriculture, with the domestication of sheep and goats Çayönü has gained importance in the world of science.
Again near the top of Ergani grikihaciya'at BC. Dating back 5,000 years to the beginning of "Advanced Village Phase" or called the Halaf Chalcolithic culture dating to the end of a single cultural phase has been observed. The Halaf culture of Northern Iraq, Syria and southeastern Anatolia'paint decorated domed pottery is famous for its rich houses are circular as shown. Diyarbakır's near Bismil Üçtepe Mound'te made during the excavation work which is yet unfinished and 2. Bin, new Assyrian, dating to the Hellenistic and Roman imperial period an important Center revealed. On the other hand, Birkleyn caves in lice, near and duck's Castle and important artifacts from the Assyrian inscriptions were found on the rocks Down. The exact date is unknown, although the first settlement in the city, 100 m from the bed of the Tigris, which is called the high steep of the Citadel and the rock of the plug present in the remaining part of the region takes place in the grounds or in the mound called Amida in this area where wrecks have been identified.
because of topographic features, providing ease of defence by concentrating the population and over time the process of expansion and entering into the settlement, first the functional structure of the castle.That.3000 is considered to have been built by a people who ruled the region during the years. Then the city of the Assyrians, Urartians, Alexander the great, selefkos the Romans and the Parthians - Sassanids's alone or together they shall come under the sovereignty continued; Roman'7 from.639 live under Byzantine rule until the first half of the century, and'dan then acquires the identity of an Islamic city. the present-day state of the basic shape by expanding and M. S. in the year 349 the Roman Emperor Constantine has taken with the restoration of portions. 7. into the city from the second half of the century, the Umayyads, the Abbasids, seyhogul, communities, Buveyhogul, mervanogul great Seljuk Seljuks and Sam, Inalogul, nisanogul Hasankeyf Artuk, Egypt and Damascus, the Ayyubids, Anatolian Seljuk, Mardin, Akkoyunlu and finally in Ottoman times, the settlement being the main element of the effectiveness of continuous protected; until the Ottoman period, the city's history of resistance to meet the needs of vital importance in every phase of Defense,” and a continuous “functional integrity” has been forced to move. The present-day state of the basic shape of 4.City walls of Diyarbakır given by the Romans in the middle of the century 7.Into the city from the second half of the century, the Umayyads, the Abbasids, seyhogul, Communities, Buveyhogul, meyyafarki (Silvan) mervanogul great Seljuk Seljuks and Sam, Inalogul, nisanogul Hasankeyf Artuk, Damascus and Egypt, the Ayyubids, Anatolian Seljuk, Mardin, Akkoyunlu and finally in Ottoman times, the settlement being the main element of the effectiveness of continuous protected; until the Ottoman period, the city's history of resistance to meet the needs of vital importance in every phase of Defense,” and a continuous “functional integrity” has been forced to move. This civilizations between Diyarbakır's most historical trail doing work The Leavers and the Romans, the Byzantines, the Abbasids territory, Seljuk, Artuk, and the Ottomans. Diyarbakir is the only Roman-Byzantine but also Persian, Arab and Turkish rich history of the state as a common heritage of cultural values it can be seen today. The inscription, which bears the traces of many civilizations, especially in the walls, decoration, figures, doors and the magnificent bastions can be seen in the most vivid way.